Production practices and costs for conventional and BCIPM eggplant growers were compared to determine whether such a program is both beneficial and cost effective. Participating growers in each group provided records of all pesticide applications for the growing season and harvest records. Using standardized production costs, the two groups were compared, and an ecomomic analysis was conducted to assess the differences in profitability between the two systems.
Most of the BCIPM growers used rotenone alone or in combination with the synergist piperonyl butoxide for control of high larval potato beetle populations or other insect pests. They used significantly less pesticide than the conventional growers. However, if overall costs of production are increased even though pesticide use is reduced, growers will have little incentive to adopt a new program. The economic analysis showed that overall, BCIPM growers had higher yields and made more per acre than did the conventional growers, which should be an incentive for growers to convert to a BCIPM program.
Hamilton, G.C. 1995. A comparison of eggplant grown under conventional and biological control
intensive pest management conditions in New Jersey. Rutgers Coop. Ext. Report E196. 8 pp.