News and Reviews

Biological Control Bookshelf

USDA Book on Introduced Parasites and Predators

Introduced Parasites and Predators of Arthropod Pests and Weeds: A World Review, USDA Agric. Handbook No. 480, edited by C. P. Clausen, reviews 80 years of scientific literature dealing with the movement of natural enemies of arthropod pests and weeds from one area to another. This 545 page book was put together by members of the Division of Biological Control, University of California, Riverside back in the 1960's.

Although this is an older book (published in 1978-but the manuscript was submitted in 1970, so the book includes literature only through 1968) it is still an amazing compilation of material on natural enemies of imported pests worldwide. The book is organized by pest species, with arthopod pests listed under 12 orders and 74 families, and weeds in 16 plant families. Each pest species description contains a short synopsis of the distribution and life history, a history of the importations and colonizations of the natural enemies against that pest, a brief history of the results of these importations and colonizations, and the biology of the most important natural enemies. The text is documented with over 2,600 references.

Unfortunately the book is out of print, but should be available in university libraries.

USDA Book on Insect Parasitism

Principles of Insect Parasitism Analyzed from New Perspectives: Practical Implications for Regulating Insect Populations by Biological Means, USDA Agric. Handbook No. 693 (1992), by E. F. Knipling presents the results of a theoretical study on the roles that parasitic insects can and cannot play against populations of their insect hosts under natural conditions. This 337 page book critically examines, using theoretical deductive procedures, the feasibility of managing major insect-pest problems with augmentative releases of parasites in the host ecosystems. Seven insect pest examples are presented and analyzed. This book was written for scientists and agricultural policy makers, so much of the text is technically-oriented. The first chapter, however, presents a good basic introduction to biological control, and the second chapter discusses many factors that affect parasitoid efficacy.

For availability, direct inquiries to:

Superintendent of Documents
P.O. Box 371954
Pittsburgh, PA 15250-7954

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